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Glossary of Terms
Term Definition See Also
Academic sector Consists of public or private higher education establishments awarding academic degrees, public or private non-profit research organisations whose primary mission is to pursue research, and international European interest organisations as they are defined in Article 2 of the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation.
Access rights Rights to use results or background under the terms and conditions laid down in accordance with the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013). Background; Intellectual Property Rights; Results
Access to Risk Finance Access to Risk Finance shall aim to overcome deficits in the availability of debt and equity finance for R&D and innovation-driven companies and projects at all stages of development. Together with the equity instrument of the Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and SMEs, it shall support the development of European Union-level venture capital.
Account Administrator A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for managing organisation-related data. Account Administrators are assigned by LEARs who delegate some of their tasks to them. Account Administrators have full read/write access to the organisation data and can assign Legal Signatories (LSIGNs) and Financial Signatories (FSIGNs). For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm
Affiliated entity Any legal entity that is under the direct or indirect control of a participant, or under the same direct or indirect control as the participant, or is directly or indirectly controlling a participant. Control may take any of the forms set out in Article 7 of Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation (EU) 1290/2013). Legal entity; Participant
Applicant Legal entity submitting an application for a call for proposals. When the application is submitted in the name of a consortium then the applicant is the coordinator.
Associated Country A Third Country which is party to an international agreement with the European Union, as identified in Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013 [Horizon 2020]. Member State; Third Country
Award Criteria Also sometimes referred to as ‘evaluation criteria’. All proposals are evaluated on three criteria: excellence, impact, and quality and efficiency of the implementation. The work programme or work plan shall lay down further details of the application of the award criteria and specify weightings and thresholds.
Background Any data, know-how and/or information whatever their form or nature, tangible or intangible, including any rights such as intellectual property rights which are (i) held by participants prior to their accession to the action, (ii) identified by the participants in accordance with Article 42 of Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013), and (iii) needed for carrying out the action or for exploiting the results of the action. Intellectual Property Rights; Participant; Results
Basic act A legal act adopted by the European Union institutions in the form of a regulation, a directive or a decision within the meaning of Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union which provides a legal basis for the action. Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
Beneficiary The legal person, other than the European Commission, who is a Party in the Grant Agreement.
Beneficiary Register A central database of organisations (legal entities) participating in EU funding programmes. Each organisation has a Participant Identification Code (PIC) that is used as the unique identifier in all interactions in any proposals or grants in which the organisation is involved. A search for registered beneficiaries and their PICs and the service for self-registering new organisations are available HERE.

Beneficiary; Legal Entity Appointed Representative; Participant Identification Code

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/organisations/register.html

Call Coordinator A European Union official responsible for all practical questions in relation to a call, or part of a call, and who plans and organises the proposal reception and evaluation process.
Call for proposals Procedure to invite applicants to submit project proposals with the objective of receiving funds from the European Union.
Call publication Call publication is the act of publishing calls for project proposals on the Research & Innovation Participant Portal.
Civil society Includes: labour-market players (i.e., trade unions and employers' federations – the 'social partners'); organisations representing social and economic players, which are not social partners in the strict sense of the term (for instance, consumer organisations); NGOs (non-governmental organisations), which bring people together in a common cause, such as environmental organisations, human rights organisations, charitable organisations, educational and training organisations, etc.; CBOs (community-based organisations), i.e., organisations set up within society at grassroots level which pursue member-oriented objectives, e.g., youth organisations, family associations and all organisations through which citizens participate in local and municipal life; and religious communities.
Civil Society Organisation Any legal entity that is non-governmental, non-profit, not representing commercial interests and pursuing a common purpose in the public interest.
Close-to-market action An action primarily consisting of activities directly aiming at producing plans and arrangements or designs for new, altered or improved products, processes or services. For this purpose they may include prototyping, testing, demonstrating, piloting, large-scale product validation and market replication.
Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers A set of general principles and requirements that should be followed by employers and/or funders when appointing or recruiting researchers. These should ensure observance of values such as transparency of the recruitment process and equal treatment of all applicants, in particular with regard to the development of an attractive, open and sustainable European labour market for researchers.
Communication Communication on projects is a strategically planned process, that starts at the outset of the action and continues throughout its entire lifetime, aimed at promoting the action and its results. It requires strategic and targeted measures for communicating about (i) the action and (ii) its results to a multitude of audiences, including the media and the public, and possibly engaging in a two-way exchange.
Conflict of interest Any event influencing the capacity of a candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary to give an objective and impartial professional opinion, or preventing it, at any moment, from giving priority to the interests of the Contracting Authority. Any consideration relating to possible contracts in the future or conflict with other commitments, past or present, of a candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary. These restrictions also apply to any sub-contractors and employees of the candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary. Within the meaning of Article 52 of the Financial Regulation, conflict of interest means that the impartial and objective exercise of the functions of a player in the implementation of the budget or an internal auditor is compromised for reasons involving family, emotional life, political or national affinity, economic interest or any other shared interest with the beneficiary.
Consensus Discussion A meeting of experts who participated in the individual evaluation, moderated by a Commission representative, usually performed in Brussels (or electronic forum), to discuss the scores awarded and to prepare comments. The experts attempt to agree on a consensus score for each of the criteria that have been evaluated and comments which justify the scores and are suitable for feedback to the proposal coordinator. Scores and comments are set out in a consensus report.
Consortium Agreement An internal agreement between members of a consortium establishing their rights and obligations with respect to the implementation of the action in compliance with the grant agreement.
Continuous Submission Scheme Some calls for proposals may be continuously open to allow proposal submission at any time, but may specify intermediate closure dates.
Contractor A natural or legal person with whom a procurement contract has been concluded.
Coordination and Support Action An action consisting primarily of accompanying measures such as standardisation, dissemination, awareness raising and communication, networking, coordination or support services, policy dialogues and mutual learning exercises and studies, including design studies for new infrastructure, and may also include complementary activities of networking and coordination between programmes in different countries. Dissemination
Coordinator The coordinator of a consortium who submits the project in the name of the consortium. In the case of a successful application the coordinator participates in the grant preparation in the name of the consortium, and during the project period keeps contact with the European Commission in the name of the consortium.
Coordinator Contact A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Coordinator Contacts have full read/write access to their own and the consortium's common e-forms, and can submit to the Commission/Agency. They can nominate/revoke other Coordinator Contacts, Task Managers and Team Members of the coordinating entity. For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/roles-and-access-rights_en.htm
Data Management Plan (DMP) A document outlining how the research data collected or generated by a research project in Horizon 2020 will be handled during and after project end. It describes what data will be collected / generated, what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved. (For more details, please refer to the Guidelines on Data Management in Horizon 2020 on the Participant Portal HERE). http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-data-mgt_en.pdf
Digital Agenda The first of seven flagship initiatives of the Europe 2020 strategy which contains the strategy of the European Union towards a digital economy through utilisation of digital technologies by 2020. For further information, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/digital-agenda-europe
Dissemination The public disclosure of the results by any appropriate means (other than resulting from protecting or exploiting the results), including by scientific publications in any medium. Results
Electronic Submission Project proposals for Horizon 2020 calls are prepared and submitted electronically via the Participant Portal by the coordinator of the project consortium. The electronic submission service is accessed by selecting an open topic in the Participant Portal call service HERE.

Call for proposals; Topic

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities/h2020/search/search_topics.html

Eligibility criteria Criteria used to determine whether a proposal meets the requirements to become eligible for European Union grant.
Enterprise Europe Network (EEN) European information and consultancy network, funded by the European Union, providing innovation and business support to small business across the European Union. It consists of close to 600 business support organisations, such as chambers of commerce and industry, technology centres, research institutes and development agencies. Find further information at the EEN website HERE. http://een.ec.europa.eu/
Entry into force Refers to the date upon which the grant agreement or amendment to the grant agreement has legal force and effect.
Equity investment The provision of capital to a firm, invested directly or indirectly in return for total or partial ownership of that firm and where the equity investor may assume some management control of the firm and may share the firm's profits.
ERA-NET An instrument using grants to support public-public partnerships in their preparation, establishment of networking structures, design, implementation and coordination of joint activities, as well as topping up of single joint calls and of actions of a transnational nature.
ERA-NET Cofund An action funding the implementation of a single joint call for proposals for trans-national research and/or innovation projects and additional joint activities related to the coordination of national/regional research and innovation programmes.
Ethics Appraisal Following the evaluation of the research content, the Commission undertakes an ethics review of proposals that are in line for funding and raise ethical issues.
European Investment Bank The European Union's development bank. It is owned by the member states of the European Union, and provides loans to support pan-European infrastructure, economic development in the poorer regions of the European Union and environmental objectives, among other aims.
European Research Area (ERA) The European Union has the objective of strengthening its scientific and technological bases by achieving the European Research Area (ERA) in which researchers, scientific knowledge and technology circulate freely, and which encourages the European Union to become more competitive, including in its industry.
Evaluation Procedure Methodology under which the evaluation is performed for a specific call for proposals.
Evaluation Review Procedure A coordinator may request an Evaluation review procedures if he/she believes the evaluation has not been carried out in accordance with the procedures set out in the Rules for Participation, the relevant work programme or the call for proposals. The review shall cover only the procedural aspects of the evaluation, and not the merits of the proposal.
Evaluation score Proposals for projects to be funded in Horizon 2020 are evaluated on the basis of selection criteria (financial and operational capacity) and award criteria (excellence, impact, efficiency of implementation). Unless otherwise specified in the conditions of the call for proposals, each of the award criteria is scored between 0 and 5. The total score is calculated as a weighted sum of the scores for each criterion. The default is equal weight for all criteria. For Innovation Actions and the SME Instrument the impact criterion is given a weight of 1.5 to determine the ranking. Other weightings may be specified in the conditions of the call for proposals.
Evaluation threshold The minimum evaluation scores that a Horizon 2020 project proposal must receive in order to be ranked. The default thresholds are a score of least 3 out of 5 for each individual criterion and a score of at least 10 out of 15 for the sum of the individual scores. The thresholds are applied to unweighted scores. Different thresholds may be specified in the conditions of the call for proposals. Proposals scoring below any of the thresholds will be rejected.
Executive Agency Organisations established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more Community programmes.
Exploitation The utilisation of results in further research activities other than those covered by the action concerned, or in developing, creating and marketing a product or process, or in creating and providing a service, or in standardisation activities. Results
Financial Instruments European Union measures of financial support provided on a complementary basis from the budget in order to address one or more specific policy objectives of the European Union. Such instruments may take the form of equity or quasi-equity investments, loans or guarantees, or other risk-sharing instruments, and may, where appropriate, be combined with grants.
Financial Regulation Contains the principles and procedures governing the establishment and implementation of the budget of the European Union and the control of the European Communities’ finances. For more details, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/budget/biblio/documents/regulations/regulations_en.cfm
Financial Signatory A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Financial Signatories (FSIGNs) are persons in a beneficiary organisation authorised to (electronically) sign financial statements for EU grants. FSIGNs are nominated in the Participant Portal by the Legal Entity Appointed Representative (LEAR) of the organisation. For more information on roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm
Force majeure Any unforeseeable exceptional situation or event beyond the parties' control, which prevents either of them from fulfilling any of their obligations under the grant agreement, which was not attributable to error or negligence on their part or on the part of subcontractors, affiliated entities or third parties involved in the implementation and which proves to be inevitable in spite of exercising all due diligence. Affiliated entity; Grant Agreement
Funding Body A body or authority, other than the European Commission, as referred to in point (c) of Article 58(1) of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012, to which the European Commission has entrusted budget implementation tasks in accordance with Article 9(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013[Horizon 2020].
Gold Open Access / Open Access publishing The publication is immediately provided in Open Access mode by the scientific publisher. In this model, the payment of publication costs is shifted away from readers paying via subscriptions. The business model most often encountered is based on one-off payments by authors. These costs (often referred to as Author Processing Charges, APCs) can usually be borne by the university or research institute to which the researcher is affiliated, or to the funding agency supporting the research. Under both FP7 and Horizon 2020, gold OA costs incurred during project duration are eligible for reimbursement.
Grant Grants are direct financial contributions, by way of donation, from the EU budget in order to finance any of the following: a) an action intended to help achieve an EU policy objective; b) the functioning of a body which pursues an aim of general EU interest or has an objective forming part of, and supporting, an EU policy (‘operating grants’).
Grant Agreement A contract concluded between the European Commission (representing the European Union) and the beneficiary (or beneficiaries) under which the parties receive the rights and obligations (e.g., the right of the Union's financial contribution and the obligation to carry out the research and development work). It consists of the basic text and annexes.
Grant Management Services (GMS) See Participant Portal Grant Management Services (PPGMS).
Green Open Access / self-archiving The published article or the final peer-reviewed manuscript is archived (deposited) by the author - or a representative - in an online repository before, alongside or after its publication. Repository software usually allows authors to delay access to the article (‘embargo period’).
Guarantee A written commitment to assume responsibility for all or part of a third party's debt or obligation or for the successful performance by that third party of its obligations if an event occurs which triggers such guarantee, such as a loan default.
Horizon 2020 The EU funding programme for Research and Innovation in the period 2014-2020. It covers the funding previously provided through the (seventh) Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development (FP7), the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).
Host institution The applicant legal entity that engages and hosts the Principal Investigator. It is established in a Member State or an Associated Country.
Independent Observers With a view to ensuring a high degree of transparency, the Commission may appoint independent experts to act as observers of the evaluation process from the point of view of its working and execution. Their role is to give independent advice to the Commission on the conduct and fairness of all phases of the evaluation sessions.
Indirect action Research and innovation activities to which the European Union provides financial support and which are undertaken by participants. Participant; Research and Innovation Action
Individual Evaluation Report Outcome of the individual evaluation process which includes a minimum of three experts. At the end of the process, each expert should produce for each proposal an Individual Evaluation Report with justification for all scores.
Innovation The process, including its outcome, by which new ideas respond to societal or economic needs and demand and generate new products, services or business and organisational models that are successfully introduced into an existing market or that are able to create new markets and that contribute value to society.
Innovation Action An action primarily consisting of activities directly aiming at producing plans and arrangements or designs for new, altered or improved products, processes or services. For this purpose they may include prototyping, testing, demonstrating, piloting, large-scale product validation and market replication.
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) The successor organisation to the Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA). INEA officially started its activities on 1 January 2014 in order to implement parts of the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and the 'Smart green and integrated transport' and the 'Secure, clean and efficient energy' Societal challenges of Horizon 2020.
Innovation Union A flagship initiative of the Europe 2020 strategy. This initiative aims to improve conditions and access to finance for research and innovation in Europe to ensure that innovative ideas can be turned into products and services that create growth and jobs. Horizon 2020 is a key tool to implement the Innovation Union.
Intellectual Property Rights The legal rights granted with the aim to protect the creations of the intellect. These rights include Industrial Property Rights (e.g., patents, industrial designs and trademarks) and Copyright (right of the author or creator) and Related Rights (e.g., rights of the performers, producers and broadcasting organisations).
International European interest organisation An international organisation, the majority of whose members are Member States or associated countries, and whose principal objective is to promote scientific and technological cooperation in Europe. Examples are CERN and EMBL. Associated Country; Member State
Joint technology initiatives Public-private partnerships for performing research at European Union level with dedicated structures, used as a strategy of implementing Horizon 2020 to support, in a limited number of cases, initiatives that could not be implemented efficiently, using the other R&D funding mechanisms.
Joint undertaking A collaboration of two or more companies to undertake a common project or to pursue a specific objective. To this end, co-venturers bring together their common resources and capabilities, such as project funding, capital equipment, know-how and intellectual property. The joint venture has the scope to create a legally independent company to develop a competitive advantage by commercialising a new product or service.
Key Enabling Technologies A major component of 'Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies' in Horizon 2020, defined as micro- and nanoelectronics, photonics, nanotechnology, biotechnology, advanced materials and advanced manufacturing systems. These multi-disciplinary, knowledge and capital-intensive technologies cut across many diverse sectors providing the basis for significant competitive advantage for European industry, for stimulating growth and for creating new jobs.

Horizon 2020

Legal entity Any natural person, or any legal person created and recognised as such under national law, European Union law or international law, which has legal personality and which may, acting in its own name, exercise rights and be subject to obligations.

Participant Identification Code

Legal Entity Appointed Representative (LEAR) A person appointed by the legal representative of a legal entity participating in EU funding programmes. The LEAR is usually an administrative staff member of the central administrative department of the organisation. The LEAR provides the Commission with up-to-date legal and financial data, including the persons in the organisation authorised to sign grant agreements (LSIGNs) and financial statements (FSIGNs) and commits to maintain the information up-to-date, enabling future use for grants and other transactions between the entity and the Commission research (and other) programmes. The LEAR can delegate some of his/her tasks to Account Administrators. More details on the role and tasks of LEARs can be found HERE.

Financial Signatory; Participant Contacts

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/grants/applying-for-funding/register-an-organisation/lear-appointment_en.htm 

Legal representative A legal representative is a natural person who has been empowered (directly or indirectly) by a legal entity to enter into legal commitments on its behalf.
Legal Signatory A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless grant management in Horizon 2020. Legal Signatories (LSIGNs) have full read/write access to the e-forms for grant management and are authorised to electronically sign grant agreements and amendments. LSIGNs are assigned in the Participant Portal by the Legal Entity Appointed Representative (LEAR) of the organisation (or one of its Account Administrators). For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE.

Account Administrator; Legal Entity Appointed Representative

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm

Loan An agreement which obliges the lender to make available to the borrower an agreed sum of money for an agreed period of time and under which the borrower is obliged to repay that amount within the agreed time.
Loan Service for Research and Innovation A debt facility developed by the European Commission and European Investment Bank (EIB) Group which provides loan finance to private and public entities for the support of additional investments in Research, Development and Investment.
Member State A state that is party to treaties of the European Union and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of European Union membership.
Model Grant Agreement The compulsory form of a Grant Agreement. It consists of a core text (determining the basics of a project) and several annexes.
NACE code NACE ('Nomenclature générale des Activités économiques dans les Communautés Européennes') refers to the statistical classification of economic activities. NACE groups organisations according to their business activities. Statistics produced on the basis of NACE are comparable at European level and, in general, at world level in line with the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC).
National Contact Point (NCP) A person or organisation under the responsibility of a national administration, providing support and guidance to applicants and beneficiaries in Horizon 2020. The database of NCPs is accessible HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/support/national_contact_points.html
Non-profit legal entity A legal entity which by its legal form is non-profit-making or which has a legal or statutory obligation not to distribute profits to its shareholders or individual members. Legal entity
Open Access (OA) The practice of providing on-line access to scientific information that is free of charge to the reader. In the context of Research and Innovation, Open Access typically focuses on access to 'scientific information', which refers to two main categories: peer-reviewed scientific research articles (published in academic journals) and scientific research data (data underlying publications and/or raw data).
Open Access to publications Online Access to publications that is free of charge for any user. There are two main routes towards Open Access to publications: self-archiving (also referred to as 'green' Open Access) and Open access publishing (also referred to as 'gold' Open Access). Open Access to publications resulting from Horizon 2020 publications is mandatory. (For more details please refer to the Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020 on the Participant Portal HERE).

Gold Open Access / Open Access publishing; Green Open Access / self-archiving

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf

Open Access to research data The practice of providing access and the possibility to re-use digital research data. In a research context, examples of data include statistics, results of experiments, measurements, observations resulting from fieldwork, survey results, interview recordings and images. Openly accessible research data can typically be accessed, mined, exploited, reproduced and disseminated free of charge for the user. Under Horizon 2020, projects in certain areas are part of a the Open Research Data Pilot and others may opt in. (For more details, please refer to the Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020 on the Participant Portal HERE). http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf
Panel Report Includes lists and scores of all evaluated proposals in an indicative budget line for Commission records.
Participant Any legal entity carrying out an action or part of an action under Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013 having rights and obligations with regard to the European Union or another funding body under the terms of the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation 1290/2013). Funding Body; Legal entity
Participant Contacts A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Participant Contacts have full read/write access to their own e-forms, and can submit to the Coordinator. They can nominate/revoke other Participant Contacts, Task Managers and Team Members of their organisation. For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm
Participant Identification Code (PIC) A 9-digit number serving as a unique identifier for organisations (legal entities) participating in EU funding programmes. A search tool for organisations and their PICs is available HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/organisations/register.html
Participant Portal The single online gateway for applicants and beneficiaries in Horizon 2020 for identifying funding opportunities, accessing documents and guidance, submitting proposals and for the paperless management of grants and expert contracts. See HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal
Participant Portal Grant Management Services (PPGMS) A suite of IT services, supporting and enabling the electronic-only grant management from grant preparation through amendments and formal communication to reporting and follow-up of funded actions. PPGMS is integrated in the Research Participant Portal (PP) and accessible through the 'My Area' section of the PP.
Participants Guarantee Fund A safeguard mechanism that mitigates the risk associated to the amounts due and not reimbursed by a defaulting participant.
Pre-Commercial Procurement A Horizon 2020 funding instrument that cofunds the preparation, implementation and follow-up of a single joint public procurement of research and development services as well as other related additional coordination and networking activities undertaken by grant beneficiaries referred to as the lead procurer and buyers group of the action.
Principal Investigator The individual researcher that may assemble a team to carry out the project under his/her scientific guidance.
Priority Date The first filing date of a patent application anywhere in the world to protect an invention. The priority date is used to determine the novelty of the invention.
Programme co-fund action An action funded through a grant the main purpose of which is supplementing individual calls or programmes funded by entities, other than European Union bodies, managing research and innovation programmes, which may also include complementary activities of networking and coordination between programmes in different countries.
Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions cofund A Horizon 2020 funding instrument that cofunds the preparation, implementation and follow-up of a single joint public procurement of innovative solutions as well as other related additional coordination and networking activities undertaken by grant beneficiaries referred to as the lead procurer and the buyers group of the action.
Public procurer Organisation that is a contracting authority or contracting entity according to the definition of those terms in the EU public procurement directives 2014/24/EU, 2004/25/EU, 2009/81/EC. ‘Contracting authority’ means the State, regional or local authorities, bodies governed by public law, associations formed by one or several of such authorities or one or several of such bodies governed by public law (see Article 2(1)(1) of Directive 2014/24/EU). Bodies governed by public law also include entities financed mostly by the State, regional or local authorities, or other bodies governed by public law and entities controlled by those bodies (see Article 2(1)(4) of Directive 2014/24/EU). This includes, for example, ministries, regions, cities, road management authorities, public hospitals, central purchasing bodies, etc. ‘Contracting entity’ refers to entities operating in specific sectors (such as utilities for water, energy, transport, postal services covered by Directive 2014/25/EU and contracting entities in the field of security covered by Directive 2009/81/EC). They may be contracting authorities, public undertakings or entities operating on the basis of special or exclusive rights (see Article 4 of Directive 2014/25/EU). For the purpose of Horizon 2020, public procurers include also entities that are contracting authorities/entities according to the above definition but to which the EU public procurement Directives itself do not apply (e.g., international organisations such as European Research Infrastructure Consortia (ERICs) which are formed by several contracting authorities).
Public-Private Partnership A partnership where private sector partners, the European Union and, where appropriate, other partners, such as public sector bodies, commit to jointly support the development and implementation of a research and innovation programme or activities. Research and Innovation Action
Quasi-equity investment A type of financing that ranks between equity and debt, having a higher risk than senior debt and a lower risk than common equity. Quasi-equity investments can be structured as debt, typically unsecured and subordinated and in some cases convertible into equity, or as preferred equity.
Ranking According to the Rules for Participation and Dissemination in H2020 (Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013), proposals are ranked on the basis of the evaluation results. The selection shall be made on the basis of that ranking.
Research and Innovation Action Action primarily consisting of activities aiming to establish new knowledge and/or to explore the feasibility of a new or improved technology, product, process, service or solution. For this purpose they may include basic and applied research, technology development and integration, testing and validation on a small-scale prototype in a laboratory or simulated environment. Projects may contain closely connected but limited demonstration or pilot activities aiming to show technical feasibility in a near to operational environment. Dissemination; Innovation; Results; Third Country
Research infrastructures Facilities, resources and services that are used by the research communities to conduct research and foster innovation in their fields. Where relevant, they may be used beyond research, e.g., for education or public services. They include: major scientific equipment (or sets of instruments); knowledge-based resources such as collections, archives or scientific data; e-infrastructures such as data and computing systems and communication networks; and any other infrastructure of a unique nature essential to achieve excellence in research and innovation. Such infrastructures may be 'single-sited', 'virtual' or 'distributed'.
Reserve list Due to budgetary constraints it may not be possible to support all proposals that have been evaluated positively. In such conditions, proposals on a reserve list will only be financed if funds become available.
Results Any tangible or intangible output of the action, such as data, knowledge and information whatever their form or nature, whether or not they can be protected, which are generated in the action, as well as any attached rights, including intellectual property rights. Intellectual Property Rights
Self-registrant A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for managing organisation-related data. Self-registrants acquire this role by registering a new entity in the Beneficiary Register on the Participant Portal. Self-registrants have full read/write access to the organisation data until the moment when the organisation is validated and has a Legal Entity Appointed Representative (LEAR). At this moment the role of self-registrant is removed. For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE.

Beneficiary Register; Legal Entity Appointed Representative; Participant Identification Code

http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm

Small or Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME) A micro-, small- or medium-sized enterprise within the meaning of Recommendation 2003/716/EC. Necessary (but not sufficient) conditions for being an SME are a number of employees smaller than 250 and an annual turnover not exceeding €50 million, and/or an annual balance sheet total not exceeding €43 million. These ceilings apply to the figures for individual firms only. A firm which is part of larger grouping may need to include employee/turnover/balance sheet data from that grouping, too. More details are explained HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/sme/files/sme_definition/sme_user_guide_en.pdf
Specific Programme The official document which contains the main targets of Horizon 2020 and lays down the implementation modalities and the content in terms of the broad lines of activities.
Submission The formal act to submit a proposal to the European Commission.
Task Manager A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Task managers have full read/write access to their own e-forms but cannot submit to the Coordinator or Commission/Agency. For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm
Team Member A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Team Members have read-only access to the project information. For more details on the management of roles and access rights in the Participant Portal, see HERE. http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/docs/h2020-funding-guide/user-account-and-roles/my-area_en.htm
Third Country A state that is not a member state of the EU.
Topic Horizon 2020 calls for proposals (as defined in the bi-annual work programmes) are subdivided into topics. A topic defines a specific research and innovation subject or area for which applicants are invited to submit proposals. The description of a topic comprises its specific scope and expected impact of the projects to be funded, and also the type of project, evaluation criteria and deadline for submission of proposals.
Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Belonging to the basic treaties of the European Union it defines in details the role, policies and operation of the European Union, determining its internal and external actions, and its common institutional and financial provisions.
Two-stage call The proposal coordinator submits a short proposal that is evaluated; successful proposals are invited to submit a full proposal. The evaluation of this full proposal leads to an ordered list to be forwarded to the Commission for ranking selection.
Type of Action Projects funded under Horizon 2020 can take different pre-defined shapes, in terms of requirements on partnership (mono- or multi-partner), purpose (research, innovation, networking, fellowship, etc.), reimbursement rate, etc. These pre-defined project shapes are referred to as 'types of action'.
Work Plan The document similar to the European Commission work programme adopted by funding bodies entrusted with part of the implementation of Horizon 2020 in accordance with Article 9(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013 [Horizon 2020]. Funding Body; Horizon 2020; Work Programme
Work Programme The document adopted by the European Commission for the implementation of the specific programme in accordance with Article 5 of Council Decision (2013/743/EU) [H2020 Specific programme]. Specific Programme
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